Journal article

THE ECONOMICS OF SHORTAGE AND PROBLEMS OF REFORM IN CHINESE-INDUSTRY

CPW WONG

JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS | ACADEMIC PRESS INC JNL-COMP SUBSCRIPTIONS | Published : 1986

Abstract

This paper employs the economics of shortage framework to examine post-Mao reforms in Chinese state-owned industry. Performance has been disappointing because reforms through 1985 failed to fundamentally alter economic agent behavior. The "soft" budget constraints at the enterprise and local government levels continue to generate "quantity" and "expansion" drives. The resultant inflationary pressures have necessitated administrative interventions and thwarted reform progress. The Maoist legacy of active participation by local governments in economic management is high-lighted as a major obstacle to the elimination of paternalism in state-enterprise relations. © 1986.

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