The Antarctic ozone hole during 2013
AR Klekociuk, PB Krummel, MB Tully, HP Gies, SP Alexander, PJ Fraser, SI Henderson, J Javorniczky, JD Shanklin, R Schofield, KA Stone
Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal | Australian Bureau of Meteorology | Published : 2015
We review the 2013 Antarctic ozone hole, making use of various ground-based, in-situ and remotely-sensed ozone measurements, ground-based measurements of ultraviolet radiation and meteorological reanalyses. Based on analysis of 34 years of satellite records spanning 1979-2013 (which excludes 1995), we find that in terms of maximum area, minimum ozone level and total ozone deficit, the ozone hole in 2013 was typical of other years of moderate ozone loss. The estimated integrated ozone mass effectively depleted within the ozone hole of 2013 was approximately 1037 Mt, which was the 17th largest deficit on record and 41% of the peak deficit observed in 2006. Anomalously cold winter temper-atures..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Antarctic Science programme
We acknowledge the Department of Environment for support of this work, and the assistance of the following people: Jeff Ayton and the Australian Antarctic Division's Antarctic Medical Practitioners in collecting the solar UV data, BoM observers for collecting upper air measurements, and for expeditioners of the British Antarctic Survey for collecting the Halley measurements. Odin is currently a third-party mission for the European Space Agency. OSIRIS operations and data retrievals are primarily supported by the Canadian Space Agency. The OMI ozone data are courtesy of the Ozone Processing Team at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Aura/MLS data used in this study were acquired as part of the NASA's Earth-Sun System Division and archived and distributed by the Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). UKMO data were obtained from the British Atmospheric Data Centre (http://badc.nerc.ac.uk). NCEP-DOE Reanalysis 2 data provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their Web site at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/. Part of this work was performed under Project 4012 of the Australian Antarctic Science programme.