Journal article

Problem gambling patterns among Australian young adults: Associations with prospective risk and protective factors and adult adjustment outcomes

Kirsty E Scholes-Balog, Sheryl A Hemphill, John W Toumbourou, Nicki A Dowling

ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

There is instability in the developmental course of problem gambling [PG] over time; however, studies that examine PG at an aggregate level obscure these variations. The current study employed data from a longitudinal study of Australian young adults to investigate: 1) PG patterns (i.e., resistance, persistence, desistence, and new incidence); 2) prospective risk and protective factors for these patterns; and 3) behavioural outcomes associated with these patterns. A sample of 2261 young adults (55.73% female) from Victoria, Australia, who were part of the International Youth Development Study completed a survey in 2010 (T1, age 21) and 2012 (T2, age 23) measuring PG (two items based on estab..

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Grants

Awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse


Awarded by three Australian Research Council Discovery Projects


Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council grant


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA012140) for the International Youth Development Study initial data collection. Continued data collection in Victoria, Australia has been supported by three Australian Research Council Discovery Projects (DPO663371, DPO877359, and DP1095744) and an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council grant (project number, 594793). The authors acknowledge the infrastructure funding received by Murdoch Childrens Research Institute from the Victorian State Government through the Operational Infrastructure Support (OIS) Program. The analyses presented here were supported by funding from the Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation Grants for Gambling Research Program. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institutes of Health or Australian hinders.