Journal article

Extending the simple linear regression model to account for correlated responses: An introduction to generalized estimating equations and multi-level mixed modelling

P Burton, L Gurrin, P Sly

STATISTICS IN MEDICINE | JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD | Published : 1998

Abstract

Much of the research in epidemiology and clinical science is based upon longitudinal designs which involve repeated measurements of a variable of interest in each of a series of individuals. Such designs can be very powerful, both statistically and scientifically, because they enable one to study changes within individual subjects over time or under varied conditions. However, this power arises because the repeated measurements tend to be correlated with one another, and this must be taken into proper account at the time of analysis or misleading conclusions may result. Recent advances in statistical theory and in software development mean that studies based upon such designs can now be anal..

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