Journal article

Recombinant influenza virus expressing HIV-1 p24 capsid protein induces mucosal HIV-specific CD8 T-cell responses

Hyon-Xhi Tan, Brad P Gilbertson, Sinthujan Jegaskanda, Sheilajen Alcantara, Thakshila Amarasena, John Stambas, Julie L McAuley, Stephen J Kent, Robert De Rose

VACCINE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

Influenza viruses are promising mucosal vaccine vectors for HIV but their use has been limited by difficulties in engineering the expression of large amounts of foreign protein. We developed recombinant influenza viruses incorporating the HIV-1 p24 gag capsid into the NS-segment of PR8 (H1N1) and X31 (H3N2) influenza viruses with the use of multiple 2A ribosomal skip sequences. Despite the insertion of a sizable HIV-1 gene into the influenza genome, recombinant viruses were readily rescued to high titers. Intracellular expression of p24 capsid was confirmed by in vitro infection assays. The recombinant influenza viruses were subsequently tested as mucosal vaccines in BALB/c mice. Recombinant..

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