The effects of high-intensity interval training on glucose regulation and insulin resistance: a meta-analysis.
C Jelleyman, T Yates, G O'Donovan, LJ Gray, JA King, K Khunti, MJ Davies
Obes Rev | Published : 2015
The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on markers of glucose regulation and insulin resistance compared with control conditions (CON) or continuous training (CT). Databases were searched for HIIT interventions based upon the inclusion criteria: training ≥2 weeks, adult participants and outcome measurements that included insulin resistance, fasting glucose, HbA1c or fasting insulin. Dual interventions and participants with type 1 diabetes were excluded. Fifty studies were included. There was a reduction in insulin resistance following HIIT compared with both CON and CT (HIIT vs. CON: standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.49, conf..View full abstract