Living in the Past, Present, and Future: Measuring Temporal Orientation with Language.
G Park, HA Schwartz, M Sap, ML Kern, E Weingarten, JC Eichstaedt, J Berger, DJ Stillwell, M Kosinski, LH Ungar, ME Seligman
Journal of Personality | Wiley | Published : 2016
Temporal orientation refers to individual differences in the relative emphasis one places on the past, present, or future, and is related to academic, financial, and health outcomes. We propose and evaluate a method for automatically measuring temporal orientation through language expressed on social media. METHOD: Judges rated the temporal orientation of 4,302 social media messages. We trained a classifier based on these ratings, which could accurately predict the temporal orientation of new messages in a separate validation set (accuracy/mean sensitivity = .72; mean specificity = .77). We used the classifier to automatically classify 1.3 million messages written by 5,372 participants (50% ..View full abstract
Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Awarded by Templeton Religion Trust
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Preparation of this manuscript was supported by grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#63597) and the Templeton Religion Trust (#TRT0048).