Journal article

Living in the Past, Present, and Future: Measuring Temporal Orientation with Language.

G Park, HA Schwartz, M Sap, ML Kern, E Weingarten, JC Eichstaedt, J Berger, DJ Stillwell, M Kosinski, LH Ungar, ME Seligman

Journal of Personality | Wiley | Published : 2016

Abstract

Temporal orientation refers to individual differences in the relative emphasis one places on the past, present, or future, and is related to academic, financial, and health outcomes. We propose and evaluate a method for automatically measuring temporal orientation through language expressed on social media. METHOD: Judges rated the temporal orientation of 4,302 social media messages. We trained a classifier based on these ratings, which could accurately predict the temporal orientation of new messages in a separate validation set (accuracy/mean sensitivity = .72; mean specificity = .77). We used the classifier to automatically classify 1.3 million messages written by 5,372 participants (50% ..

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Grants

Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


Awarded by Templeton Religion Trust


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Preparation of this manuscript was supported by grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#63597) and the Templeton Religion Trust (#TRT0048).