Journal article

The role of social support in protecting mental health when employed and unemployed: A longitudinal fixed-effects analysis using 12 annual waves of the HILDA cohort

Allison Milner, Lauren Krnjacki, Peter Butterworth, Anthony D LaMontagne



Perceived social support is associated with overall better mental health. There is also evidence that unemployed workers with higher social support cope better psychologically than those without such support. However, there has been limited research about the effect of social support among people who have experienced both unemployment and employment. We assessed this topic using 12 years of annually collected cohort data. The sample included 3190 people who had experienced both unemployment and employment. We used longitudinal fixed-effects modelling to investigate within-person changes in mental health comparing the role of social support when a person was unemployed to when they were emplo..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This paper uses unit record data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia HILDA) Survey. The HILDA Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services DSS) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research Melbourne Institute). The findings and views reported in this paper, however, are those of the author and should not be attributed to either DSS or the Melbourne Institute. The data used in this paper was extracted using the Add-On Package PanelWhiz for Stata. PanelWhiz ( was written by Dr. John P. Haisken-DeNew (