Global Vision Impairment and Blindness Due to Uncorrected Refractive Error, 1990-2010
Kovin S Naidoo, Janet Leasher, Rupert R Bourne, Seth R Flaxman, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, Hans Limburg, Konrad Pesudovs, Holly Price, Richard A White, Tien Y Wong, Hugh R Taylor, Serge Resnikoff
OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2016
The purpose of this systematic review was to estimate worldwide the number of people with moderate and severe visual impairment (MSVI; presenting visual acuity <6/18, ≥3/60) or blindness (presenting visual acuity <3/60) due to uncorrected refractive error (URE), to estimate trends in prevalence from 1990 to 2010, and to analyze regional differences. The review focuses on uncorrected refractive error which is now the most common cause of avoidable visual impairment globally. : The systematic review of 14,908 relevant manuscripts from 1990 to 2010 using Medline, Embase, and WHOLIS yielded 243 high-quality, population-based cross-sectional studies which informed a meta-analysis of trends by reg..View full abstract
Funding for the study was received from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Brien Holden Vision Institute, Fight for Sight, and Fred Hollows Foundation.