Journal article

Central nervous system-specific consequences of simian immunodeficiency virus Gag escape from major histocompatibility complex class I-mediated control

Sarah E Beck, Suzanne E Queen, Raphael Viscidi, Darius Johnson, Stephen J Kent, Robert J Adams, Patrick M Tarwater, Joseph L Mankowski

JOURNAL OF NEUROVIROLOGY | SPRINGER | Published : 2016

Abstract

In the fourth decade of the HIV epidemic, the relationship between host immunity and HIV central nervous system (CNS) disease remains incompletely understood. Using a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/macaque model, we examined CNS outcomes in pigtailed macaques expressing the MHC class I allele Mane-A1*084:01 which confers resistance to SIV-induced CNS disease and induces the prototypic viral escape mutation Gag K165R. Insertion of gag K165R into the neurovirulent clone SIV/17E-Fr reduced viral replication in vitro compared to SIV/17E-Fr. We also found lower cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but not plasma, viral loads in macaques inoculated with SIV/17E-Fr K165R versus those inoculated with wil..

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University of Melbourne Researchers