Journal article

THE EFFECTS OF HYPOXEMIA WITH PROGRESSIVE ACIDEMIA ON FETAL RENAL-FUNCTION IN SHEEP

ME WLODEK, JRG CHALLIS, B RICHARDSON, J PATRICK

JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY | CAXTON COMMUNICATIONS | Published : 1989

Abstract

In order to determine the effects of fetal hypoxemia on renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and urethral and urachal urine output, we examined the effects of 3 h maternally-induced (9% O2, 3% CO2, 88% N2) fetal hypoxaemia on 10 chronically-instrumented fetal sheep between 127-135 days of gestation. Fetal arterial pH fell significantly during the second and third hours of hypoxia and this coincided with a significant increase in fetal arterial blood pressure (P less than 0.05). During the second hour of hypoxia, with mild acidaemia, fetal GFR decreased significantly and then, during the third hour, fetal GFR, urethral and total urine output were significantly elevated. During t..

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