Journal article

High-flow nasal cannula: Mechanisms, evidence and recommendations

Brett J Manley, Louise S Owen

SEMINARS IN FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

The use of high-flow nasal cannula (HF) therapy as respiratory support for preterm infants is rapidly increasing, due to its perceived ease of use and other potential benefits over the standard 'non-invasive' respiratory support, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The evidence from randomized trials suggests that HF is an alternative to CPAP for post-extubation support of preterm infants. Limited data are available from randomized trials comparing HF with CPAP as primary support, and few trials have included extremely preterm infants. This review discusses the proposed mechanisms of action of HF, the evidence from clinical trials of HF use in preterm infants, and proposes recommenda..

View full abstract