Differential Association of Generalized and Abdominal Obesity With Diabetic Retinopathy in Asian Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang, Ling-Jun Li, Jonathan Edward Noonan, Jie Jin Wang, Tien Yin Wong, Gemmy Chui-Ming Cheung, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Ecosse L Lamoureux
JAMA OPHTHALMOLOGY | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2016
IMPORTANCE: The association between obesity and diabetic retinopathy (DR) is equivocal, possibly owing to the strong interrelation between generalized and abdominal obesity leading to a mutually confounding effect. To our knowledge, no study in Asia has investigated the independent associations of these 2 parameters with DR to date. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of generalized (defined by body mass index [BMI], calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) and abdominal obesity (assessed by waist to hip ratio [WHR]) with DR in a clinical sample of Asian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional clinic..View full abstract
The Singapore Diabetes Management project was funded by the National Medical Research Council (Singapore) as part of its Centre/Programmatic Project grant.