Journal article

Risk factors and risk-based protective factors for violent offending: A study of young Victorians

Sheryl A Hemphill, Jessica A Heerde, Kirsty E Scholes-Balog



PURPOSE: The present study aims to examine risk factors and risk-based and interactive protective factors for violent offending in a group of 437 young Australians. METHODS: Participants were recruited into the study when they were in Grade 5 (10-11 years) and followed up almost annually until young adulthood (18-19 years). Measures of violent offending, risk and protective factors, and demographics were obtained through a modification of the Communities That Care youth survey. The data collected enabled identification of groups of students at-risk of violent offending according to drug use, low family socioeconomic status, and antisocial behavior. RESULTS: Results showed that there were ver..

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Awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA012140) for the International Youth Development Study initial data collection. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Drug Abuse or the National Institute of Health. Continued data collection in Victoria, Australia has been supported by three Australian Research Council Discovery Projects (DPO663371, DPO877359, and DP1095744) and an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council grant (project number, 594793). The work of Dr. Heerde and Dr. Scholes-Balog is supported by funding provided through the Learning Sciences Institute Australia at Australian Catholic University.