Journal article

Relaxin deficiency results in increased expression of angiogenesis- and remodelling-related genes in the uterus of early pregnant mice but does not affect endometrial angiogenesis prior to implantation

Sarah A Marshall, Leelee Ng, Elaine N Unemori, Jane E Girling, Laura J Parry

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY | BIOMED CENTRAL LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extensive uterine adaptations, including angiogenesis, occur prior to implantation in early pregnancy and are potentially regulated by the peptide hormone relaxin. This was investigated in two studies. First, we took a microarray approach using human endometrial stromal (HES) cells treated with relaxin in vitro to screen for target genes. Then we aimed to investigate whether or not relaxin deficiency in mice affected uterine expression of representative genes associated with angiogenesis and uterine remodeling, and also blood vessel proliferation in the pre-implantation mouse endometrium. METHODS: Normal HES cells were isolated and treated with recombinant human relaxin (10 ng/ml..

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