Journal article

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor augments phagocytosis of Mycobacterium avium complex by human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected monocytes/macrophages in vitro and in vivo

K Kedzierska, J Mak, A Mijch, I Cooke, M Rainbird, S Roberts, G Paukovics, D Jolley, A Lopez, SM Crowe

JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES | UNIV CHICAGO PRESS | Published : 2000

Abstract

The role of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection on the ability of human monocytes/macrophages to phagocytose Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) in vivo and in vitro and the effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on this function were investigated. By use of a flow cytometric assay to quantify phagocytosis, HIV-1 infection was found to impair the ability of monocyte-derived macrophages to phagocytose MAC in vitro, whereas GM-CSF significantly improved this defect. Phagocytosis was not altered by exposure to a mutant form of GM-CSF (E21R) binding only to the alpha chain of the GM-CSF receptor, suggesting that signaling by GM-CSF that leads to augme..

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