Journal article

Avian influenza viruses, inflammation, and CD8( ) T Cell immunity

Zhongfang Wang, Liyen Loh, Lukasz Kedzierski, Katherine Kedzierska

FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2016

Abstract

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) circulate naturally in wild aquatic birds, infect domestic poultry, and are capable of causing sporadic bird-to-human transmissions. AIVs capable of infecting humans include a highly pathogenic AIV H5N1, first detected in humans in 1997, and a low pathogenic AIV H7N9, reported in humans in 2013. Both H5N1 and H7N9 cause severe influenza disease in humans, manifested by acute respiratory distress syndrome, multi-organ failure, and high mortality rates of 60% and 35%, respectively. Ongoing circulation of H5N1 and H7N9 viruses in wild birds and poultry, and their ability to infect humans emphasizes their epidemic and pandemic potential and poses a public health th..

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