Journal article

The impact of extended bed rest on the musculoskeletal system in the critical care environment

Selina M Parry, Zudin A Puthucheary

Extreme physiology & medicine | BMC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Prolonged immobility is harmful with rapid reductions in muscle mass, bone mineral density and impairment in other body systems evident within the first week of bed rest which is further exacerbated in individuals with critical illness. Our understanding of the aetiology and secondary consequences of prolonged immobilization in the critically ill is improving with recent and ongoing research to establish the cause, effect, and best treatment options. This review aims to describe the current literature on bed rest models for examining immobilization-induced changes in the musculoskeletal system and pathophysiology of immobilisation in critical illness including examination of intracellular si..

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