Journal article

Genes for Elite Power and Sprint Performance: ACTN3 Leads the Way

Nir Eynon, Erik D Hanson, Alejandro Lucia, Peter J Houweling, Fleur Garton, Kathryn N North, David J Bishop

SPORTS MEDICINE | ADIS INT LTD | Published : 2013

Abstract

The ability of skeletal muscles to produce force at a high velocity, which is crucial for success in power and sprint performance, is strongly influenced by genetics and without the appropriate genetic make-up, an individual reduces his/her chances of becoming an exceptional power or sprinter athlete. Several genetic variants (i.e. polymorphisms) have been associated with elite power and sprint performance in the last few years and the current paradigm is that elite performance is a polygenic trait, with minor contributions of each variant to the unique athletic phenotype. The purpose of this review is to summarize the specific knowledge in the field of genetics and elite power performance, ..

View full abstract