Journal article

Theory of Mind in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Jonathan M Payne, Melanie Porter, Natalie A Pride, Kathryn N North

NEUROPSYCHOLOGY | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF1) is a single gene disorder associated with cognitive and behavioral deficits. While there is clear evidence for poorer social outcomes in NF1, the factors underlying reduced social function are not well understood. This study examined theory of mind (ToM) in children with NF1 and unaffected controls. METHOD: ToM was assessed in children with NF1 (n = 26) and unaffected controls (n = 36) aged 4-12 years using a nonverbal picture sequencing task. The task assessed understanding of ToM (unrealized goals, false belief, pretence, intention), while controlling for social script knowledge and physical cause-and-effect reasoning. RESULTS: Children with NF1 ma..

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