The Role of Trunk Musculature in Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures: Implications for Prediction, Prevention, and Management
Hossein Mokhtarzadeh, Dennis E Anderson
CURRENT OSTEOPOROSIS REPORTS | SPRINGER | Published : 2016
This review examines the current evidence for associations between vertebral fractures (VFx), the most common type of fracture in older adults, and trunk muscles, which are intimately tied to spinal loading and function. Individuals with prevalent VFxs have more fat infiltration in the trunk muscles, lower trunk extension strength, and altered muscle activation patterns. However, no longitudinal studies have examined whether assessment of trunk muscle can contribute to prediction of fracture risk. A few studies report that exercise interventions targeting the trunk muscles can reduce the risk of VFx, improve trunk strength and endurance in patients who have had a VFx, and reduce the risk of ..View full abstract
Awarded by NIH grants
This work was supported by NIH grants R01 AR053986 and R00 AG042458.