Journal article

Natural hazards in Australia: sea level and coastal extremes

Kathleen L McInnes, Christopher J White, Ivan D Haigh, Mark A Hemer, Ron K Hoeke, Neil J Holbrook, Anthony S Kiem, Eric CJ Oliver, Roshanka Ranasinghe, Kevin JE Walsh, Seth Westra, Ron Cox



The Australian coastal zone encompasses tropical, sub- and extra-tropical climates and accommodates about 80 % of Australia’s population. Sea level extremes and their physical impacts in the coastal zone arise from a complex set of atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial processes that interact on a range of spatial and temporal scales and will be modified by a changing climate, including sea level rise. This review details significant progress over recent years in understanding the causes of past and projections of future changes in sea level and coastal extremes, yet a number of research questions, knowledge gaps and challenges remain. These include efforts to improve knowledge on past sea le..

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Funding Acknowledgements

The lead author, MH and RH acknowledge the Australian Climate Change Science Program for funding this research. RR is supported by the AXA Research fund. This paper was a result of collaboration through the 'Trends and Extremes' working group as part of the Australian Water and Energy Exchanges Initiative (OzEWEX).