Journal article

Association of gestational age and growth measures at birth with infection-related admissions to hospital throughout childhood: a population-based, data-linkage study from Western Australia

Jessica E Miller, Geoffrey C Hammond, Tobias Strunk, Hannah C Moore, Helen Leonard, Kim W Carter, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Fiona Stanley, Nicholas de Klerk, David P Burgner

LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reduced gestational age and low birthweight are associated with an increased risk of neonatal infections. However, the long-term risk of infection, especially in late preterm infants or those at near-normal birthweight, is unknown. We estimated whether rates of infection-related admissions to hospital for children in Western Australia were associated with age, gestational age, birthweight, and birth length. METHODS: We did a population-based, data-linkage study using total-linked, registry data from the Western Australia Birth Register of all liveborn, non-Indigenous Australian singleton births recorded from Jan 1, 1980, to Dec 31, 2010. We followed up individuals from birth-rela..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by NHMRC


Awarded by NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship


Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship


Funding Acknowledgements

Funding for this study was provided by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; grant 572742). JEM, GCH, and linkage, assembly, and cleaning of the data were also funded by NHMRC 572742. HL received funding from a NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (572568). HCM is supported by a NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (APP1034254). DPB is supported by a NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (1064629) and is an Honorary Future Leader Fellow of the National Heart Foundation of Australia. Research at Murdoch Childrens Research Institute is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. KWC is supported by the McCusker Charitable Foundation (WA). We thank Peter Jacoby (Telethon Kids Institute) for his advice on analysis, the Data Linkage Branch of the WA Department of Health, and the data custodians maintaining the WA Australian Midwives' Notification System and the Hospital Morbidity Data System for their support.