Journal article

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition during extravillous trophoblast differentiation

Jessica E Davies, Juergen Pollheimer, Hannah EJ Yong, Maria I Kokkinos, Bill Kalionis, Martin Knoefler, Padma Murthi

CELL ADHESION & MIGRATION | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2016

Abstract

A successful pregnancy depends on the intricate and timely interactions of maternal and fetal cells. Placental extravillous cytotrophoblast invasion involves a cellular transition from an epithelial to mesenchymal phenotype. Villous cytotrophoblasts undergo a partial epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) when differentiating into extravillous cytotrophoblasts and gain the capacity to migrate and invade. This review summarizes our current knowledge regarding known regulators of EMT in the human placenta, including the inducers of EMT, upstream transcription factors that control EMT and the downstream effectors, cell adhesion molecules and their differential expression and functions in pr..

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