Creation of the first ultra-low gluten barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for coeliac and gluten-intolerant populations
Gregory J Tanner, Malcolm J Blundell, Michelle L Colgrave, Crispin A Howitt
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL | WILEY | Published : 2016
Coeliac disease is a well-defined condition that is estimated to affect approximately 1% of the population worldwide. Noncoeliac gluten sensitivity is a condition that is less well defined, but is estimated to affect up to 10% of the population, and is often self-diagnosed. At present, the only remedy for both conditions is a lifelong gluten-free diet. A gluten-free diet is often expensive, high in fat and low in fibre, which in themselves can lead to adverse health outcomes. Thus, there is an opportunity to use novel plant breeding strategies to develop alternative gluten-free grains. In this work, we describe the breeding and characterization of a novel ultra-low gluten (ULG) barley variet..View full abstract
We thank the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) of Australia for providing financial assistance for this work. Rosangela Devilla carried out fatty acid analysis. Thanks also to Harry Goswami who conducted the MS work, Russell Heywood for the field work and James Tanner who harvested and analysed the SSD of three generations of ULG 3.2 plants. All authors are inventors on a patent application regarding ultra-low gluten barley.