Journal article

Movement on Shifting Sands: Deinstitutionalisation and People with Intellectual Disability in Australia, 1974-2014

Ilan Wiesel, Christine Bigby

URBAN POLICY AND RESEARCH | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

This article reviews four decades of deinstitutionalisation policies in three Australian states, New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. It seeks to understand the factors influencing the slow and haphazard progression of the movement and its more contested outcomes such as the redevelopment of some institutions and their replacement with other congregate or cluster housing models that are at odds with the original visions of community care and normalisation. The article highlights the consistent and effective opposition to deinstitutionalisation from some families of institution residents, and the shifting policy frameworks and ideologies—from ‘normalisation’ to ‘choice’—in which it progr..

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