Journal article

Systematic review of reviews of observational studies of school-level effects on sexual health, violence and substance use.

Nichola Shackleton, Farah Jamal, Russell Viner, Kelly Dickson, Kate Hinds, George Patton, Chris Bonell

Health & Place | Published : 2016


For three decades there have been reports that the quality of schools affects student health. The literature is diverse and reviews have addressed different aspects of how the school environment may affect health. This paper is the first to synthesise this evidence using a review of reviews focusing on substance-use, violence and sexual-health. Twelve databases were searched. Eleven included reviews were quality-assessed and synthesised narratively. There is strong evidence that schools' success in engaging students is associated with reduced substance use. There is little evidence that tobacco-control policies and school sexual-health clinics on their own are associated with better outcomes..

View full abstract