Journal article

Neighbourhood characteristics and the incidence of first-episode psychosis and duration of untreated psychosis

B O'Donoghue, JP Lyne, L Renwick, A Lane, K Madigan, A Staines, E O'Callaghan, M Clarke

PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The incidence of psychotic disorders varies between geographical areas and it has been hypothesized that neighbourhood-level factors may influence this variation. It is also plausible that the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is associated with neighbourhood characteristics. The aims of this study were to determine whether the incidence of first-episode psychosis (FEP) and the DUP are associated with the level of social deprivation, fragmentation, social capital and population density. METHOD: All individuals with a FEP from a geographical defined catchment area over a 5-year period were included. Age-standardized incidence rates were calculated for each neighbourhood factor..

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