Journal article

Net positive biophilic urbanism

JL Birkeland

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment | Published : 2016


Purpose Positive Development and Biophilic Urbanism appear to be grounded in a different human-nature relationship. Biophilic Urbanism builds on the theory that humans have an innate need to feel connected with nature, and explores ways to amplify its psychological and physiological benefits. Positive Development contends that development must proactively increase nature in absolute terms (beyond pre-industrial conditions). Hence it proposes a radical reconstruction of development design and decision making. Are these positions compatible? Design/methodology/approach A literature review revealed many similarities an..

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