Comparison of effects of diabetes mellitus on an EDHF-dependent and an EDHF-independent artery.
SJ Wigg, M Tare, MA Tonta, RC O'Brien, IT Meredith, HC Parkington
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol | Published : 2001
The hypothesis tested in this study is that diabetes has a different impact on an artery in which endothelium-dependent responses derive from both nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) compared with responses in which NO predominates and EDHF is absent. The streptozotocin-treated rat model of diabetes was used, and the arteries were mounted on a wire myograph. In mesenteric arteries depolarized and constricted with phenylephrine, acetylcholine evoked hyperpolarization (31 +/- 2 mV) and complete relaxation; these responses were attributed to EDHF and NO. In femoral arteries, acetylcholine evoked a small, NO-mediated hyperpolarization (5 +/- 1 mV) and incomple..View full abstract