Journal article

Focused cardiac ultrasound screening for rheumatic heart disease by briefly trained health workers: a study of diagnostic accuracy

Daniel Engelman, Joseph H Kado, Bo Remenyi, Samantha M Colquhoun, Jonathan R Carapetis, Susan Donath, Nigel J Wilson, Andrew C Steer

LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic screening for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) can identify individuals with subclinical disease who could benefit from antibiotic prophylaxis. However, most settings have inadequate resources to implement conventional echocardiography and require a feasible, accurate screening method. We aimed to investigate the accuracy of screening by non-expert operators using focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS). METHODS: In this prospective study of diagnostic accuracy, we recruited schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 years in Fiji to undergo two blinded tests. The index test was a FoCUS assessment of mitral and aortic regurgitation, performed by nurses after an 8-week training program..

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