Journal article

Mechanisms of brief contact interventions in clinical populations: a systematic review

Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Nav Kapur, Katrina Witt, Jane Pirkis, Greg Carter

BMC PSYCHIATRY | BIOMED CENTRAL LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brief Contact Interventions (BCIs) have been of increasing interest to suicide prevention clinicians, researchers and policy makers. However, there has been no systematic assessment into the mechanisms underpinning BCIs. The aim of the current paper is to provide a systematic review of the proposed mechanisms underpinning BCIs across trial studies. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted of trials using BCIs (post-discharge telephone contacts; emergency or crisis cards; and postcard or letter contacts) for suicide or self-harm. Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the reference lists of all past reviews in the area. Secondary searches of refere..

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