Journal article

Efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and network meta-analysis.

F Zaccardi, DR Webb, ZZ Htike, D Youssef, K Khunti, MJ Davies

Diabetes Obes Metab | Published : 2016

Abstract

AIM: To assess the comparative efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We electronically searched randomized controlled trials (≥24 weeks) including canagliflozin, dapagliflozin or empagliflozin that were published up to 3 November 2015. Data were collected on cardiometabolic and safety outcomes and synthesized using network meta-analyses. RESULTS: A total of 38 trials (23 997 participants) were included. Compared with placebo, all SGLT2 inhibitors reduced glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight and blood pressure, and slightly increased HDL cholesterol. Canagliflozin 300 mg reduced HbA..

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University of Melbourne Researchers