Inhibition of duck hepatitis B virus replication by 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine, an acyclic phosphonate nucleoside analogue.
AJ Nicoll, DL Colledge, JJ Toole, PW Angus, RA Smallwood, SA Locarnini
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Published : 1998
The use of regimens that use nucleoside analogues for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection is often limited because of their high relapse rates. This is thought to be due to the persistence of virus in nonhepatocyte reservoirs and/or the viral covalently closed circular (CCC) DNA species in the nucleus of infected hepatocytes. We have evaluated the novel nucleoside analogue 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA) in the duck model of hepatitis B. Eight Pekin-Aylesbury ducks congenitally infected with the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) were treated with PMEA at a dosage of 15 mg/kg of body weight/day via the intraperitoneal route for 4 weeks. At the end of the treatment peri..View full abstract