Radiotherapy x-ray dose distribution beyond air cavities.
TP Wong, PE Metcalfe, T Kron, TG Emeleus
Australas Phys Eng Sci Med | Published : 1992
Radiation oncologists are particularly concerned about tumours growing on the surface of air cavities in the head and neck regions, which involve treatment with small x-ray fields. An inhomogeneous dose distribution exists within and beyond the cavity. This is caused by the loss of electron equilibrium and the attenuation of both the primary and scattered photons is altered. The scatter function photon beam models for tissue inhomogeneity, such as the ETAR correction algorithm, currently implemented in commercial treatment planning systems do not predict the dose distribution accurately in many situations where lateral electron equilibrium does not exist. Using a Markus ionization chamber an..View full abstract