Energy consumption in children with spina bifida and cerebral palsy: a comparative study.
CM Duffy, AE Hill, AP Cosgrove, IS Corry, HK Graham
Dev Med Child Neurol | Published : 1996
The authors looked for differences in the energy expenditure patterns of ambulant children with cerebral palsy and spina bifida. Oxygen consumption was measured according to type of cerebral palsy or level of spina bifida lesion, and in healthy children. The rate of oxygen consumption (mL/kg/min) was significantly higher in the children with diplegia than in those with hemiplegia or with spina bifida or the healthy children. Oxygen cost (mL/kg/m) was significantly higher and velocity was significantly slower in all the groups with disability than in the healthy children. The reason children with diplegia consumed more oxygen than other children when walking may be that their abnormal equilib..View full abstract