Surgical correction of equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review.
Benjamin J Shore, Nathan White, H Kerr Graham
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics | Published : 2010
PURPOSE: Equinus is the most common deformity in cerebral palsy. However, despite the large volume of published studies, there are poor levels of evidence to support surgical intervention. This study was undertaken to examine the current evidence base for the surgical management of equinus deformity in cerebral palsy. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using "equinus deformity", "cerebral palsy" and "orthopaedic surgery" generated 49 articles. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 35 articles remained. The Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) levels of evidence and the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) were used to grade the articles...View full abstract