Journal article

GLUTAMINE TRANSPORT AND METABOLISM BY MITOCHONDRIA FROM DOG RENAL CORTEX - GENERAL PROPERTIES AND RESPONSE TO ACIDOSIS AND ALKALOSIS

DP SIMPSON, W ADAM

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 1975

Abstract

Mitochondria from dog renal cortex were incubated with L-[14Cglutamine. Glutamate metabolism was prevented by inhibitors so that glutamate accumulated either in the mitochondrial matrix space or in the medium. The formation and accumuation of glutamate formed from glutamine and the distribution of glutamine in the mitochondrial fluid spaces were studied. In the matrix space glutamate rapidly reaches levels over 5 times that of glutamine in the medium. A more gradual accumulation occurs in the medium as glutamate is transported out of the mitochondria. Addition of an energy source such as succinate to the medium accelerates glutamate formation. A Km of 0.6 mM appears to govern the reaction at..

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University of Melbourne Researchers