Journal article

The origin of lithotype cycles in Oligo-Miocene brown coals from Australia and Germany

Guy Holdgate, Malcolm Wallace, Matilda O'Connor, Vera Korasidis, Uli Lieven

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2016

Abstract

Brown coal colour lithotype cycles range from 10 to 30 m thick in Oligo-Miocene coals of the Latrobe Valley, Gippsland Basin, Australia. Similar colour lithotype cycles occur in the Lusatia German Miocene brown coals. In both the Latrobe Valley and Germany, the cycles often display well-developed colour-lightening-upward trends as defined by new colourimetry measurement. The typical lithotype cycle boundary is abrupt between light below and dark lithotype above. Geological, geochemical, palynological and macrofossil evidence is consistent with a relative drying (terrestrialisation) upward depositional model for each cycle, and the overlying dark lithotype represents renewed peat accretion. T..

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