Journal article

Innate Allorecognition Results in Rapid Accumulation of Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells

Kevin V Chow, Rebecca B Delconte, Nicholas D Huntington, David M Tarlinton, Robyn M Sutherland, Yifan Zhan, Andrew M Lew

JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY | AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS | Published : 2016

Abstract

Although the mechanisms governing the innate recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns have been well defined, how allogeneic cellular stimuli evoke innate responses remains less so. In this article, we report that upon i.v. transfer (to avoid major iatrogenic interference), allogeneic but not syngeneic leukocytes could induce a rapid (after 1 d) accumulation of host monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) without any increase in conventional DCs. This occurred in various donor-host strain combinations, did not require MHC mismatch, and could be induced by various donor cell types including B cells, T cells, or NK cells. Using RAG(-/-)γc(-/-) and scid γc(-/-)mice with different ..

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