Journal article

Effect of phenytoin on sodium conductances in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons

Zhen Zeng, Elisa L Hill-Yardin, David Williams, Terence O'Brien, Andris Serelis, Christopher R French

JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2016

Abstract

The antiepileptic drug phenytoin (PHT) is thought to reduce the excitability of neural tissue by stabilizing sodium channels (NaV) in inactivated states. It has been suggested the fast-inactivated state (IF) is the main target, although slow inactivation (IS) has also been implicated. Other studies on local anesthetics with similar effects on sodium channels have implicated the NaV voltage sensor interactions. In this study, we reexamined the effect of PHT in both equilibrium and dynamic transitions between fast and slower forms of inactivation in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. The effects of PHT were observed on fast and slow inactivation processes, as well as on another identified ..

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