Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in systemic lupus erythematosus due to intestinal smooth muscle myopathy.
PA Hill, KM Dwyer, DA Power
Lupus | Published : 2000
We report the case of a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus initially manifesting with fever, rash and arthritis, and two years later with Class IV lupus nephritis. Following treatment with cyclophosphamide she developed symptoms and signs of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) that was initially thought to be due to a neutropenic enterocolitis. However, persistence of symptoms resulted in segmental resection of the ileum which showed widespread myocyte necrosis and active inflammation within the muscularis propria. A subsequent, more extensive ileocolic resection showed severe diffuse atrophy and fibrosis of the muscularis propria throughout the resected bowel. The absence of m..View full abstract