Disability in dementia: assessment, prevention, and rehabilitation.
Disabil Rehabil | Published : 1994
Dementia involves cognitive impairment sufficient to interfere with daily living. Most cases of dementia are due to Alzheimer's disease or cerebrovascular disease. Surveys show that dementia is one of the major causes of disability in the elderly, affecting personal care, everyday cognitive activities, and social behaviour. Several instruments relying on informant reports or behavioural observation have been developed to assess these various components of disability in dementia. Prevention of dementia would make a major contribution to the postponement of disability in old age. In principle, this could be achieved by modifying risk factors for Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia. There ..View full abstract