Cumulative incidence of rheumatic fever in an endemic region: a guide to the susceptibility of the population?
JR Carapetis, BJ Currie, JD Mathews
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2000
Aboriginal Australians in northern Australia are subject to endemic infection with group A streptococci, with correspondingly high rates of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. For 12 communities with good ascertainment, the estimated lifetime cumulative incidence of acute rheumatic fever was approximately 5.7%, whereas over the whole population, with less adequate ascertainment, the cumulative incidence was only 2.7%. The corresponding prevalences of established rheumatic heart disease were substantially less than the cumulative incidences of acute rheumatic fever, at least in part because of poor ascertainment. The cumulative incidence of acute rheumatic fever estimates the p..View full abstract