Journal article

Validity of short food questionnaire items to measure intake in children and adolescents: a systematic review

RK Golley, LK Bell, GA Hendrie, AM Rangan, A Spence, SA McNaughton, L Carpenter, M Allman-Farinelli, A de Silva, T Gill, CE Collins, H Truby, VM Flood, T Burrows



BACKGROUND: Short food questions are appealing to measure dietary intakes. METHODS: A review of studies published between 2004 and 2016 was undertaken and these were included in the present study if they reported on a question or short item questionnaire (≤50 items, data presented as ≤30 food groups) measuring food intake or food-related habits, in children (aged 6 months to 18 years), and reported question validity or reliability. Thirty studies met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Most questions assessed foods or food groups (n = 29), with the most commonly assessed being fruit (n = 22) or vegetable intake (n = 23), dairy foods and discretionary foods (n = 20 studies each). Four studies as..

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Funding Acknowledgements

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Funding was provided by the Australasian Child and Adolescent Obesity Research Network (stream funds). RG and TB guided the research. RG, LB, TB, AS, SAM and LC completed extractions and checks. All authors reviewed and collated the data. All authors critically reviewed the manuscript and approved the final version submitted for publication.