Low Control and High Demands at Work as Risk Factors for Suicide: An Australian National Population-Level Case-Control Study
Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis, Jean-Francois Chastang, Isabelle Niedhammer, Anthony D LaMontagne
PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2017
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests that psychosocial job stressors may be plausible risk factors for suicide. This study assessed the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and suicide mortality across the Australian population. METHODS: We developed a job exposure matrix to objectively measure job stressors across the working population. Suicide data came from a nationwide coronial register. Living controls were selected from a nationally representative cohort study. Incidence density sampling was used to ensure that controls were sampled at the time of death of each case. The period of observation for both cases and controls was 2001 to 2012. We used multilevel logistic regress..View full abstract
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The research was supported by the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention and Deakin University awarded to Allison Milner. The remaining authors report no conflicts of interest.