A New Method for Identifying the Pacific-South American Pattern and Its Influence on Regional Climate Variability
Damien Irving, Ian Simmonds
JOURNAL OF CLIMATE | AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2016
The Pacific-South American (PSA) pattern is an important mode of climate variability in the mid-to-high southern latitudes. It is widely recognized as the primary mechanism by which El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influences the southeast Pacific and southwest Atlantic and in recent years has also been suggested as a mechanism by which longer-term tropical sea surface temperature trends can influence the Antarctic climate. This study presents a novel methodology for objectively identifying the PSA pattern. By rotating the global coordinate system such that the equator (a great circle) traces the approximate path of the pattern, the identification algorithm utilizes Fourier analysis as op..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
Parts of this work were made possible by a grant (DP160101997) from the Australian Research Council.