Journal article

Cognitive and affective components of empathy and their relationship with personality dimensions in a Chinese sample

David L Neumann, Raymond CK Chan, Yi Wang, Gregory J Boyle



Empathy is an essential component of social interactions and may be related to personality characteristics. However, this issue has not been extensively examined in a Chinese sample. Students at six universities in China (N = 257) completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R), and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Using multiple regression analyses, and after accounting for demographic variables (sex and age), it was found that the affective empathy component Personal Distress positively predicted EPQ-R Neuroticism scores (β =.49), negatively predicted Extraversion (β = –.21) and Lie scale scores (β = –.22), and po..

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Awarded by Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Funding Acknowledgements

This research received support from 1) a Griffith Health Institute Project Grant; 2) a Griffith Health Institute Area of Strategic Investment for Chronic Disease Project Grant; 3) a Bond University Vice Chancellor's Research Grant; and 4) the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-EW-J-8). The assistance of Matthew Perrin and Kylie Loveday in data collection, analysis and preparation of this manuscript is gratefully acknowledged.