Journal article

Land sharing not sparing in the "green economy": The role of livelihood bricolage in conservation and development in the Philippines

Wolfram Dressler, Jessica de Koning, Marvin Montefrio, Jennifer Firn

GEOFORUM | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

In Southeast Asia's green economy, conservation interventions intensify the production of resources as commodities through land sparing activities and zoning in extensively used landscapes. Such initiatives encounter problems where poor resource users diversify livelihoods in multi-functional landscapes over time. In terms of ‘livelihood bricolage’ – the mixing, matching and building of portfolios – we describe how forest users enhance security by building dynamic livelihood portfolios based on the economic and socio-cultural considerations of place. Philippine case studies show how disrupting livelihood bricolage in multi-functional landscapes with ‘intensifying interventions’ spatially con..

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