Land sharing not sparing in the "green economy": The role of livelihood bricolage in conservation and development in the Philippines
Wolfram Dressler, Jessica de Koning, Marvin Montefrio, Jennifer Firn
GEOFORUM | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2016
In Southeast Asia's green economy, conservation interventions intensify the production of resources as commodities through land sparing activities and zoning in extensively used landscapes. Such initiatives encounter problems where poor resource users diversify livelihoods in multi-functional landscapes over time. In terms of ‘livelihood bricolage’ – the mixing, matching and building of portfolios – we describe how forest users enhance security by building dynamic livelihood portfolios based on the economic and socio-cultural considerations of place. Philippine case studies show how disrupting livelihood bricolage in multi-functional landscapes with ‘intensifying interventions’ spatially con..View full abstract
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Awarded by ACIAR Project
This research was supported by ACIAR Project ASEM 2010-050 'Improving Watershed Rehabilitation Outcomes in the Philippines' and the ARC Future Fellowship program. The authors would also like to thank Edwin Cedamon for his fieldwork assistance and the smallholders who generously answered our questions during their busy schedules.