Journal article

Combating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria with structurally nanoengineered antimicrobial peptide polymers

Shu J Lam, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Namfon Pantarat, Adrian Sulistio, Edgar HH Wong, Yu-Yen Chen, Jason C Lenzo, James A Holden, Anton Blencowe, Eric C Reynolds, Greg G Qiao

NATURE MICROBIOLOGY | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2016

Abstract

With the recent emergence of reports on resistant Gram-negative 'superbugs', infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria have been named as one of the most urgent global health threats due to the lack of effective and biocompatible drugs. Here, we show that a class of antimicrobial agents, termed 'structurally nanoengineered antimicrobial peptide polymers' (SNAPPs) exhibit sub-μM activity against all Gram-negative bacteria tested, including ESKAPE and colistin-resistant and MDR (CMDR) pathogens, while demonstrating low toxicity. SNAPPs are highly effective in combating CMDR Acinetobacter baumannii infections in vivo, the first example of a synthetic antimicrobial po..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council under Future Fellowship scheme


Funding Acknowledgements

G.G.Q. acknowledges financial support from the Australian Research Council under the Future Fellowship (FT110100411) scheme. E.C.R. acknowledges financial support from the Australian Government, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. S.J.L. acknowledges the Australian Government for providing an International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) and an Australian Postgraduate Award (APAInt). The authors thank the Advanced Fluorescence Imaging Platform at the Materials Characterisation and Fabrication Platform (The University of Melbourne) for instrument access. The authors thank B. Hibbs for assistance with the Delta Vision OMX V4 BLAZE, S. Lowe for technical laboratory assistance and J. Li for the CMDR bacterial strains.